The first step was to pour the gravel into your jar. Next you pour the gravel into a bucket and rinse the gravel so the water is clean and clear. You mix the gravel. Then use your hands and scoop the gravel into your vase. Last you put water into your vase to see if you have enough gravel. This is a little heads up if you you don`t hold it with one hand at the bottom of the vase and the other on the side then it will crack. Now you have your gravel for your Opae`ula wait for next time for the rest of it.